Germanic


IndoEuropæan (PIE)
└ Late Western dialect
 └ Germanic (Proto-Germanic)
____________________________
  ├ East Germanic
  │ ├ Burgundian
  │ ├ Gepidic
  │ ├ Swebian
  │ ├ Vandalic
  │ └ Gothic (Gutiska Razda)
  │  ⁞ └ Crimean Gothic
  │ └ Gutish
____________________________
  ├ South Germanic
  │ └ Old Northeadish
  │   ├ Southeadish (Þiydʒ)
  │   ├ Northeadish (Nurðþþȳðesc)
  │   │└Nurþýðesk
  │   └ Eastheadish (Ōstþȳðesk)
____________________________
  ├ North Germanic (Proto-Norse)
  │ ├ West Norse
  │ │ ├ Old Icelandic (Īslenzk)
  │ │ │ ├ Icelandic (Íslensk)
  │ │ │ ├ Norn
  │ │ │ └ Faroese (Føroyskt)
  │ │ ├ Norwegian (Norsk)
  │ └ East Norse
  │   └ Old Swedish
  │     ├ Swedish (Svenska)
  │     └ Danish (Dansk)
____________________________
  └ West Germanic
    ├ High German
    │ └ Old High German (Diotisk)
    │   └ Middle High German
    │     ├ German (Deutsch)
    │     └ Yiddish
    └ Low German
     ├ Saxo-Franconian
     │ ├ Old Low Frankish
     │ │ └ Middle Dutch
     │ │   └ Dutch (Nederlands)
     │ │     └ Afrikaans
     │ └ Old Saxon
     │   └ Platt (Plautdietsch)
     └ Ingvæonic
      ├ Anglo-Saxon (Old English)
      │ └ Middle Enlgish
      │   ├ English
      │   └ Scots
      └ Old Frisian
        └ Frisian (Frysk)
"three"
trejes
trejes
þrijiz
_________
þrīs
þrīs
þrīs
þrīs
þrīs
þreis [þrīs]
tria
þrīs [þrais]
_________
þrīʒ
þrīr
þrie
þrī(r)
þrí(r)
ɵʀī(ʀ) [þrīr]
_________
þrīʀ
þrīr
þrīr
þrír
tree [trī]
triggir
tre
tre
þrīr
tre
tre
_________
þrī
drī
drī
drī
drei [drai]
דרײַ [drai]
þrī
þrī
thrī
dri [drī]
drie [drī]
drie [drī]
thrīe [þrīe]
dree
þrī
þrīe
three [þrē]
three [þrī]
three [þrī]
thrē [þrē]
trije
"I"
égom
égom
eka
_________
ika
ik
ik
ik
ik
ik
ich
ik
_________
eka
ek
etc [eʧ]
ec [ek]
ek
єκ [ek]
_________
ek
ek
ek
ég [jeg]
jag(h)
eg
(j)eg
ek
ek
jag
jeg
_________
ik
ih
ih
ich [ih]
ich [ih]
איך [ih]
ik
ik
ik
ik
ik
ik
ik
ekj
ik
ic [iʧ]
i(c)
I [ai]
A(w)
ik
ik(ke)
"eye"
ougʰam
ougʰam
augōn
_________
augȭ
augō
augō
augō
augō
augō
oeghe
ōga
_________
ōgō
ōga
ōga
ōga [ōgə]
óga
ōгғ [ōgə]
_________
auga
auga
auga
auga
øgjo
eygu
øie
auga
auge
öga
øje
_________
augȭ
ouga
ouga
ouge
auge
אויג [oig]
augo
ōga
ōga
oghe
oog
oog
ōga
üag
euga
ēage
eye
eye [ai]
ee [ī]
āge
each
"moon"
mēnō-
mēnō-
mēnōn
_________
mēnȭ
mēna
mēna
mēna
mēna
mēna
mine
mēn [mīn]
_________
mānō
māna
mōna
mān
mán
мāɴ [mān]
_________
māne
māne
māni
máni
måne
máni
maan
māne
māne
mån
måne
_________
mānȭ
mānȭ
māno
mān(d)(e)
mond
-- (לְבוּנָה)
māno
māno
māno
mane
maan
maan
māno
mon(t)
mōna
mōna
moon [mōn]
moon [mūn]
mune [mȳn]
mōna
moanne
"four"
kʷekʷṓr
pe(k/t)wṓr
fe(d)wōr
_________
fidwōr
fidur
fidur
fidur
fidur
fidwōr
fyder
fiður
_________
feuwer
feuwar
fiywr
fewr
fewr
ϝєƿʀ [fewr]
_________


fjōrir
fjórir
fira
fýra
fire


fyra
fira
_________
feuwer
feur
fior
fier
vier
פֿיר [fir]
fiuwer

fier
vier
vier
vier
fiuwar
fea
feuwer
fēower
four
four
fower
fiūwer
fjouwer
"good"
kōdʰos
kōdʰos
gōdaz
_________
gōdz
gōþs
gōþs
gōþs
gōþs
gōþs
gotz
gōþs [gūþs]
_________
gōðaʒ
gōþr
gōdʒ
gōðʀ [gōðər]
góðar
гōϫғʀ [gōðər]
_________
gōdʀ
gōðr
gōðr
góður
góðga
góður
god
gōðr
gōðr
god
god
_________
gōd
gōt
guot
guot
gut
גוט [gut]
gōd

guod
goed
goed
goed
gōd
goo(d) [gō(d)]
gōd
gōd
good [gōd]
good [gud]
guid [gȳd]
gōd
guod

The above language tree is meant to serve as a guide to navigating the Germanic pages on this site; while i have endeavored to make it linguistically and chronologically accurate, this is not a language family tree, nor does it exactly represent the chronological progression from one language to another.  There are also many languages and dialects which are not included here for lack of resources and space.