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Swadesh List

No.

Latin

English

Gutish

1

ego

I

ik

2

tu

thou, you, ye

þū

3

is,
ea,
id

he,
she,
it

is,
sī,
it

4

nos

we

wit (dual),
wīs (plural)

5

vos

you, ye

jut (dual),
jūs (plural)

6

ii, eae

they

īs (masculine),
ījas (feminine),
ī (neuter)

7

hic, is

this

his

8

ille

that

9

hic

here

hēr

10

ibi

there

þar

11

quis

who

hwas

12

quid

what

hwā

13

ubi

where

hwar

14

quando

when

hwan

15

quam, quomodo

how

16

non

not

17

omnis

all

atlas

18

multi

many

manaǧ

19

aliqui, aliquot

some

sums

20

pauci

few

fǭs

21

alter, alius

other

alis

22

unus

one

ǣns

23

duo

two

twǣ

24

tres

three

þrīs

25

quattuor

four

fiður

26

quinque, 
sex, 
septem, 
octem, 
novem, 
decem

five, 
six, 
seven, 
eight, 
nine, 
ten

fim,
sǣs,
sivun,
āta,
njun,
tǣjun

27

magnus, grandis

big

mikils

28

longus

long

lanǧ

29

latus

wide

brǣǧ

30

creber

thick

þikus

31

gravis

heavy

korus

32

parvus

small, little

lītils

33

brevis

short

korts

34

angustus

narrow

angus

35

macer

thin

þutnus

36

femina

woman

kwina

37

vir

man (adult male)

wer

38

homo

man (human being)

matna

39

puer

child

barn

40

uxor, mulier

wife

kwēns

41

maritus

husband

af

42

mater

mother

mōðra

43

pater

father

faðra

44

animal

animal

ǧus

45

piscis

fish

fiš

46

avis

bird

fuglas

47

canis

dog

hunǧ

48

pedis

louse

lūs

49

serpens

snake

naðras

50

vermis

worm

worms

51

arbor

tree

bagmas

52

silva

forest, wood

walðus

53

fustis

stick

þrung

54

fructus

fruit

akran

55

semen

seed

sēþs

56

folium

leaf

lǭfs

57

radix

root

worts

58

cortex

bark

barkus

59

flos

flower

blōm

60

herba

grass

gras

61

funis

rope

rǣps

62

cutis

skin

fitla

63

caro

meat

mims

64

sanguis

blood

blōþ

65

os

bone

bǣns

66

adeps

fat (n.)

smerðra

67

ovum

egg

ādi

68

cornu

horn

horn

69

cauda

tail

tagla

70

penna

feather

feðra

71

capillus, coma, crinis

hair

skuft

72

caput

head

hǭviþ

73

auris

ear

ǭsa

74

oculus

eye

ǭga

75

nasus

nose

nas

76

os

mouth

munþs

77

dens

tooth

tanþs

78

lingua

tongue

tunga

79

unguis

fingernail

(fingra)naglas

80

pes

foot

fōts

81

crus

leg

enča

82

genu

knee

knijo

83

manus

hand

handus

84

ala

wing

winǧ

85

venter

belly

wamba

86

intestina

guts

herðra

87

collum, cervix

neck

hals

88

tergum

back

þrugis

89

pectus, mamma

breast

brusts

90

cor

heart

herta

91

iecur

liver

livra

92

bibere

drink

drinkna

93

edere

eat

itna

94

mordere

bite

bītna

95

sugere

suck

sūgna

96

sputare

spit

spījun

97

vomire

vomit

spījun

98

flare

blow

wǣn

99

spirare

breathe

anan

100

ridere

laugh

þlǣn

101

videre

see

sǣjun

102

audire

hear

høšin

103

scire

know

witna

104

putare

think

hyǧin

105

olere

smell

stinkun

106

timere

fear

førčin

107

dormire

sleep

slēpna

108

vivere

live

livna

109

mori

die

ǧugna

110

necare

kill

afdøþin

111

pugnare

fight

wīþna

112

venari

hunt

jagan

113

pellere

hit

slān

114

secare

cut

mǣtna

115

scindere, partiri

split

splītna

116

traicere

stab

stikna

117

radere

scratch

skrīvna

118

fodere

dig

gravna

119

natare

swim

switman

120

volare

fly (v.)

fljugna

121

gradi

walk

gangna, gēn

122

venire

come

kwimna

123

iacere

lie

ligna

124

sedere

sit

sitna

125

stare

stand

standna. stēn

126

vertere

turn

wenǧin

127

cadere

fall

drūsna

128

dare

give

givna

129

tenere

hold

haldna

130

premere

squeeze

þrīfna

131

fricare

rub

binǭn

132

lavare

wash

þwān

133

tergere

wipe

biswervan

134

trahere

pull, tug

þinsna

135

pellere, urgere

push

šuvna

136

iacere

throw

werpna, smītna

137

stringere, ligare

tie

bindna

138

suere

sew

sǣn

139

numerare

count

garǣþin

140

dicere

say

kwiðna

141

canere

sing

singun

142

ludere

play

lǣkna

143

fluctuare

float

fljutna

144

fluere

flow

ritnan

145

gelare

freeze

frūsna

146

inflare

swell

switlan

147

sol

sun

sutna, sōgil

148

luna

moon

mēn

149

stella

star

sterna

150

aqua

water

wata

151

pluvia

rain

rigna

152

fluvius

river

flōðus

153

lacus

lake

maresǣjus

154

mare

sea

sǣjus

155

sal

salt

salt

156

lapis, petra

stone

stǣns

157

arena

sand

malm

158

pulvis

dust

stybis

159

terra

earth

erða

160

nimbus, nubes

cloud

milm

161

caligo, nebula

fog, mist

mēst

162

caelum

sky

himins

163

ventus

wind

winǧ

164

nix

snow

snǣjus

165

glacies

ice

īs

166

fumus

smoke

rǭks

167

ignis

fire

fōr

168

cineres

ashes

aska

169

ardere

burn

britnan

170

via

road

wiǧ

171

mons

mountain

fergúne

172

ruber

red

rǭþs

173

viridis

green

grønis

174

flavus

yellow

gilus

175

albus, candidus

white

hwīts

176

niger, ater, fuscus

black

swarts

177

nox

night

nāts

178

dies

day

daǧ

179

annus

year

jēr

180

calidus

warm

warms

181

frigidus

cold

kalǧ

182

plenus

full

futlas

183

novus

new

njuǧis

184

vetus

old

alþs

185

bonus

good

gōþs

186

malus

bad

uvils

187

puter, putridus

rotten

fūls

188

sordidus

dirty

unþrǣns

189

rectus

straight

rǣts

190

rotundus

round

hwilfs

191

acer

sharp

hwās

192

hebes

dull

slējus

193

levis

smooth

slǣts

194

umidus

wet

nats

195

siccus

dry

þorsus

196

rectus

correct

garǣts

197

propinquus

near

nēfus

198

longinquus

far

fetra, wīǧ

199

dexter

right

tǣsus

200

sinister

left

þlīðums

201

ad

at

at, tō

202

in

in

in

203

cum

with

miþ

204

et

and

jā, ō

205

si

if

java

206

quia, quoniam

because

duþa

207

nomen

name

nama