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Lexicon

A B G D E Z Q H Þ I K L M N J U P R S T W F X Ƕ O

About this Lexicon

Notes on Etymology

A

az
ēts adj. easy, comfortable. Possible name of the letter Z. See iuja.
ahs
n.st.n.(a) ear of corn, ear of grain. Possible name of the letter A.
ahsa
n.st.f.(ō) axis, axle.
Possible name of the letter A.
ahtan v.i.w3. to look out, to be cautious, to be aware, to be wary, to take care.
*ahtands adj.(a) cautious, wary.
ahtáu num.card. eight.
ahtáuhunda num.card. eight hundred. [ahtáu + hund]
ahtáutaíhun num.card. eighteen.
[ahtáu + taihun]
ahtáutēhund num.card. eighty. [ahtáu + tēhund]
áika n.st.f.(ō) oak, oak tree.
áin art.n.indef. a, an.
*áinags adj. any.
áinakls adj. alone, lonely.
áinamma sinþa adv. once, one time. [áinamma + sinþa, dat. of áins + sinþs]
áinhund num.card. one hundred. See taíhuntēhund. [áin + hund]
áinlif num.card. eleven.
áins num. one.
aiw adv. ever.
áifrs adj. abominable, terrible, frightening.
aíƕus, aíƕs n.st.m.(u) horse. Name of the letter Ē.
ak cjx. but, however.

akei cjx. but, however.
[ak+ei]
*algs n.st.m.(i) elk.
ams n.st.m.(a) shoulder.
ana prp. on, upon.

anaqiman v.i.st4. [qim-, qam-, q
ēm-, qumans] to arrive. [ana+qiman]
andhruskan v.t.w3. to question, to investigate.
ans n.st.m.(i/u) god, deity. Possible name of the letter A.
áugjan v.t.w1. to show, to present.
áugō n.w.n.(a) eye.
**áugagarwi n.w.n.(ja) eyeliner.
[áugō+garwi]
aúhsa n.w.m.(a) ox.
aúhsus n.st.m.(u) ox.
áukan v.t.st7. [áuk-, aíáuk-, aíáuk-, áukans] to add, to increase.
*áukubni n.st.f.(jō) addition, increase. [áuk + ubni]
apls n.st.m.(a) apple.
*awunháims n.st.m.(a) uncle, mother’s brother.
af prp. off, away from.
afleiþan v.i.st1. to go away, to leave. [af+leiþan]
aflētan v.t.st7. to forgive, to excuse. [af+
lētan]
af taíhswōn adv. right, on/to the right. [af + taíhsus]
aftra adv. back, back again.

B

bagms
n.st.m.(a) tree.
baírgs n.st.m.(a) mountain.
baírka n.st.f.(ō) birch tree.
baírkan n.st.n.(a) birch seedling. Name of the letter B.
*bakan v.t.st6. to bake.
**bakeins n.st.f.(i/ō) pastry, baked goods.
**baúljabakeins n.st.f.(i/ō) puff pastry. [baúlja + bakeins]
baúljan v.i.w1. to blow up, to swell, to puff up.
batiza adj.cmp. better. Comparative of
gōþs.
batists adj.sup. best. Comparative of
gōþs.
bērusi n.st.m.(ja) parent.
*biwa n.st.f.(wō) bee.
blōþ n.st.n.(a) blood.
blōma n.w.m.(n) flower, blossom, bloom.
bugjan v.t.w1. to buy, to purchase.
brōþar n.st.m.(r) brother.
bōka n.st.f.(ō) letter, character, symbol; book, scroll, writing.

G

gaggan v.i.st7. [gagg-, iddj-, iddj-, gaggans] to go.

gáits n.st.f.(i) goat.
**gáitsūgja n.w.m.(a) chupacabra.
galatjan v.i.w1. to stop, to restrain, to hinder.
galeikan v.t.w3. to please, to make happy.
galeikō adv. similarly, alike, in the same way.
gamōtan v.i.pp6. to be allowed, may, might, to be permitted.
garwi n.st.n.(ja) ornament, decoration.
gawasjan sik v.r.w1.
to get dressed, to put on clothes.
gawizneigs adj. mutually enjoying.
gafilh n.st.n.(a) funeral, burial.

giba n.st.f.(ō) gift. Name of the letter G.
*gneidan v.t.st1. [gneid-, gnáid-, gnid-, gnidans] to rub, to chafe.
guma n.w.m. man, guy, dude.
guta n.w.m.(a) goth.
**gutaklubs cf. gutaklufs n.w.m.(a) goth club.
**gutiza adj.cmp. gother.
**gutilas n.w.m.(a) gothling.
gutisks adj. gothic.
greipan v.t.st1. to grip, to grasp, to seize, to hold.
grētan v.i.st7. [grēt-, gaígrēt-, gaígrēt-, grētans] to weep, to cry.
grēws adj. grey.

*grōneis adj.(ja) green.
gōþs adj. good.

D

dags n.st.m.(a) day. Name of the letter D.
dalaþa adv. down, downward, to the bottom.
*dalaþs n.st.m.(a) bottom, underside.
daug 3spi.v.i. Present tense of dugan (see).
daur n.st.n.(a) door.
diwan v.i. [diw-, daw-, d
ēw-, diwans] to die.
du prp. to.
dugan v.t.pp2. [dáug(-), dug-, duht-, duht-, duhts] to avail, to benefit, to be good.
duþē cjx. because. Also duþþē, duhþē  [du+þē]
dulþs n.st.f.(i) party, feast.

*dufilu adv. too much, too many.

drigkan v.t.st3. [drigk-, dragk-, drugk-, drugkans] to drink.

E

-ei prt. that, which. (Relative particle).
ei cjt. that, so that. (Relative conjunction).
**eimōkid n.st.n.(a) emo kid.
eis n.st.n.(a) ice. Name of the letter I.
eis 3mp.nom.prn. they.
*ēmaitja n.st.f.(ō) ant.

Z

**zeibra n.st.f.(ō) zebra.

Q

qaírnus n.st.f.(u) mill.
qaírþra, qērtra n.st.f.(ō) apple tree? Name of the letter Q.
qiman v.i.st4. [qim-, qam-,
qēm-, qumans] to come.

H

haban v.t.w3. to have.

hagl n.st.n.(a) hail. Name of the letter H.
háihs adj.(a) one-eyed.
háils adj. healthy, whole.
háils itj. hello, greetings.
*háimō adv. home, homeward.

háims n.st.f.(i/ōhome.
haírtō n.w.n.(n) heart.
háitan v.t.st7. [háit-, haíháit, haíháit, háitans] to name, to call; to be named, to be called.
halbō
adv. in half.
hals n.st.m.(a) neck.
*hamiþi n.st.n.(a) shirt, t-shirt.
hams n.st.m.(a) clothing, garment.
hana n.w.m.(n) chicken, rooster.
handus n.st.f.(u) hand.
hanō n.w.f.(ō) chicken, hen.
háubiþ n.st.n.(a) head.
hafjan v.t.w1. to lift, to heave, to pull up.
hilpan v.t.st3. [hilp-, halp-, hulp-, hulpans] to help.
*hija art.f. this, to-.
    *hija naht adv. tonight.
hina art.m.acc. this, to-.
    hina dag adv. today.
his art.m. this, to-.
hita art.n. this, to-.
hiwi n.st.n.(ja) appearance, look.
hleiduma adv. left, on/to the left.
*hleidums adj.(i) left, on the left.
hugjan v.t.w1. to think, to ponder, to consider.
hulms n.st.m.(a) island.
hund n.st.n.(a)
hundred. (See taíhuntēhund.)
hunds n.st.m.(a) dog.
hūs n.st.n.(a) house.
hráins adj.(i) clean, pure.
hrisjan v.t.w1. to shake (out).
*hrugki n.st.n.(ja) wrinkle, crease.
*hrugjis n.st.m.(ja) back.

Þ

*þagka itj. thanks, thank you.
þagkan
v.t.w3. to thank.
þamma 3sn.dat.prn. to the, to this, to that.
þaúr n.st.m.(a) giant, troll.
þaúrban v.t.pp3. to have to, must.
þaúrneins adj. thorny, spiny.
þaúrp n.st.n.(a) farm.
þata 3sn.nom.prn. the, this, that.
þatei cjx. if; that. [þata + ei]
þē art. for that, because of that, by means of that.
þeins adj.st.(a) your, yours, thy, thine.
þiuþ n.st.n.(a) good, goodness, good things. Name of the letter Þ.
þiuþs adj.(a) friendly.
þu 2s.nom.prn. you, thou.
þuk 2s.acc.prn. you, thee.
þus 2s.dat.prn. to you, to thee.
þūs- pfx. big, great, large.
þūsundi num.card. one thousand. (Literally, "great hundred.") [þūs- + hund (+ ja)]
þreis num.card. three.
þreistigjus num.card. thirty. [þreis + tigjus]
þrijahunda num.card. three hundred. [þrija + hund]
þrijataíhun num.card. thirteen. [þrija + taíhun]

I

*ibnaba adv. evenly.
iggus, iggws n.st.m. Ing (a god). Name of the letter X.
igqar adj.st.(a) your, yours, the two of your.
igqis 2d.dat/acc.prn. you two, to you two, the two of you, to the two of you.
izē 3mp.gen.prn. their, theirs.
izwar adj.st.(a) your, yours.
izwis 2p.dat/acc.prn. you, to you, all of you, to all of you.
ik 1s.nom.prn. I.
im
1spi.v.i. (I) am. See wisan.
imma 3ms.dat.prn. him, to him.
ina 3ms.acc.prn. him.
in 3mp.dat.prn. them, to them.
ins 3mp.acc.prn. them.
ija 3np.nom.prn. they.
ijōs 3fp.nom.prn. they.
iuja, see azēts.
iupana adv. again, over again.
iupaþrō adv. from the top, from above.
is 3ms.nom.prn. he.
is 3ms.gen.prn. his.
is 2spi.v.i. (you) are, (thou) art. See wisan.
ist 3spi.v.i. is. See wisan.
ita 3ns.nom/acc.prn. it.

K

kalb n.st.n.(a) calf.
kalbō n.w.f.(a) heifer calf.
*kalfs n.st.m.(a) bull calf.
*káun, káunzama n.w.m.(a) ulcer, boil, sore. Name of the letter K.
*kláiþs n.st.f.(i) cloth, clothing.

L

lagjan v.t.w1. to lay, to put.
lagus n.st.m.
(u) lake, sea, open water. Name of the letter L.
láikan v.i.st7. to play, to dance, to frolick.
lamb n.st.n.
(a) sheep (cf. lamb).
láus adj. empty.
leiþan v.i.st1. to go, to lead.
leiks adj.
(a) like, alike.
leitils adj. small, little.
lētan v.t.st7. to let, to allow, to permit.
*liuban v.t.w3. to love.

M

máiza adj.cmp. more. Comparative of mikils.
máiþms
n.st.m.(a) gift, present.
máists
adj.sup. most. Superlative of mikils.
*malō n.w.n.(n) moth.
manna n.irr.m.(a) man, person. Name of the letter M.
marhs n.st.m.(a) horse.
meins adj. my, mine.
mēli n.st.n.(ja) writing, scripture.
miþ prp. with.
mik 1s.acc.prn. me.
mikils adj. much.
milhma n.w.m.(n) cloud.
minniza adj.cmp. smaller, littler. Comparative of leitils.
minnists adj.sup. smallest, littlest. Superlative of
leitils.
mis 1s.dat.prn. me, to me.
*mūstriggs n.st.m.(a) bat.

N

nadrs n.st.m.(a) snake, viper.
nahts n.st.f.(-) night.
náuþs n.st.f.(i) need, necessity, hardship. Name of the letter N.
nats adj.(a) wet.
adv. no.
ni adv. no, not.
nih adv. also not, not either, neither. [ni+uh]
niu adv. isn’t, doesn’t. [ni+u]
**niukilō n.w.n.(n) nickel.
niun num.card. nine.
niunhunda num.card. nine hundred. [niun + hunda]
niuntaíhun num.card. nineteen. [niun + taíhun]
niuntēhund num.card. ninety. [niun + t
ēhund]
niujis adj.
(ja) new.
adv. now, just now, just.

J

jah cjx. and, indeed, also.
jēr n.st.n.(a) year. Name of the letter J.
juk n.st.n.(a) yoke.
jūs 2p.nom.prn. you, you all.
jut 2d.nom.prn. you two, the two of you.

U

-u sfx., enc.prt. if, whether. Interrogative particle. 
ubils adj. bad.
-ubni sfx.st.f.(i) -ness, -tion. Abstract noun suffix. Also -ufni.
ugkar adj.our, both of our.
ugkis 1d.dat/acc.prn. (both of) us, to us both.
-uh sfx, enc.prt..and, also.
ulbandus n.st.m.(u) camel.
un- pfx. un-, not.
undar prp. under, beneath.

**undarhams n.st.m.
(a) underwear, undergarment, underclothing. [undar + hams]
undarmēli n.st.n.(ja) subscription. [undar + mēli]
unhráins adj.(ja) unclean, dirty. [un + hráins]
ūrus, ūrs n.st.m.(u) aurochs; n.st.n. drizzle; slag. Name of the letter U.
uns(is) 1p.dat/acc.prn. (all of) us, to us all.
unsar adj. our, ours.
-ufni sfx.st.f.(i) See -ubni.
us prp., adv. out.
ūtana prp., adv. outside, outside of.

P

paírþra, pērtra n.st.f.(ō) dice-cup, pear tree(?). Name of the letter P.
patai n.w.n. pâté.
plinsjan v.i.w1. to dance.
puggs n.st.m.(a) purse, coinpurse.

R

razda n.st.f.(
ō) language, dialect, speech.
rahtōn v.t.w2. to reach (out), to extend.
raþjan v.w.t.(jan) to count.
ráida, raida, rēda n.st.f.(ō) wagon, cart, vehicle. Name of the letter R.
raíhtaba adv. correctly.
raíhtei n.st.f.(ei) line, row.
ráuþs adj. red.
rign n.st.n.(a) rain.
riqs adj.(a) dark.
riukan v.t.st2. [riuk-, ráuk-, ruk-, rukans] to smoke.
rifts n.st.m.(i) dress, gown.
rūms n.st.m.(a) room, space.

S

sa m.s.art. the, this, that.
saei prt.rel. that, which, that which.
saíhs num.card. six.
saíhshunda num.card. six hundred. [saíhs + hunda]
saíhstaíhun num.card. sixteen. [saíhs + taíhun]
saíhstigjus num.card. sixty.
*saírdan v.t.st3. [saírd-, sard-, saúrd-, saúrdans] to f*ck.
*saírdands adj.(a) f*cking.
*saírdandō adv. the f*ck.
saíƕan v.t.st5. [saíƕ-, saƕ-, sēƕ-, saíƕans] to see.
saúwil, saúil n.st.n.(a) sun. Name of the letter S.
sēþs n.s.f.(i) seed.
seins adj. his, her, its, their. (Reflexive.)
si 3fs.nom.prn. she.
sibun num.card. seven.
sibunhunda num.card. seven hundred. [sibun + hunda]
sibuntaíhun num.card. seventeen.
sibuntēhund num.card. seventy.
**sigaraíta n.st.f.(ō) cigarette.
sildaleiks adj.(a) great, wonderful, fabulous, extraordinary. [silds + leiks]
silds adj.(a). rare, strange, unique.
silubreins adj.(a) silver.
sinþs n.?? time, occurrence, happening.
sinteinō
adv. always.
sitls n.st.m.(a) chair.
skáuts n.st.m.(a) hem, edge, fringe.
*skeitan v.i.st1. [skeit-, skait-, skit-, skitans] to sh*t.
*skeits n.st.m.(a) sh*t.
skapjan v.t.st6. [skap-, skōp-, skōp-, skapans] to shape, to make, to create.
*slaíhtjan v.t.w3. to smooth out, to even out.
slēpan v.i.st7. [slēp-, saízlēp-, saízlēp-, slēpans] to sleep.
*sūgjan v.t.st2. [sūgja-, sáug, sug-, sugans] to suck.
sunjaba adv. actually, honestly.
sunnō n.w.f.(
ō) sun.
sūs n.st.f.(i) sow.
sūts adj.(a) sweet.
swa- pfx. so, as, such, like. Prefix form of swē (see).
swarts adj.(a) black.
*swafilu adv. so much. [swa-(swē)+filu]
swē adv. so, as, such, like.
swein n.st.n.(a) pig, swine.
sō f.s.art. the, this, that.
sōei prt.rel. that, which, that which.
sōkjan v.t.w1. to seek, to search, to look for.

T

*taíhsus adj. right, on the right. Cf. af taíhswōn.
taíhun num.card. ten.
taíhuntēhund num.card. one hundred. [taihun + tēhund]
táins n.st.m.(a) twig, shoot, branch.
-tēhund sfx.num. -ty.
*teimaleikō adv. on time, punctually. [teims + leiks]
*teims n.st.m.
(a) time.
teiws, tius n.st.m.(wa) Teu (a god). Name of the letter T.
*tēweis adj.(ja) ordered, ranked.
tigjus n.st.m.(u) ten, -ty, multiple of ten.
*tiuhja n.w.m.(a) tractor.
tuggl n.st.n.(a) star, planet, celestrial object.
trimpan v.i.st3. [trimp-, tramp-, trump-, trumpans] to step, to tread, to tromp, to trample, to stomp.
triu n.st.n.(wa) tree-trunk, woody stem, trunk.
twahunda num.card. two hundred. [twa + hunda]
twái num.card. two.
twáitigjus num.card. twenty.
twalif num.card. twelve.

W

waíhsta n.w.m.(a) corner.
waírþan v.i.st3. [waírþ-, warþ-, waúrþ-, waúrþans] to become.
waírsiza adj.cmp. worse.
waírsists adj.sup. worst.
wáit 1/3pi. I know. See witan.
wandals n.st.m. Vandal.
wasti n.st.f.(jō) clothing, garment.
weis 1p.nom.prn. we (all).
wēnjan v.i.w1. to wish, to hope.
wērjan
v.t.w1. to keep, to maintain, to hold.

wēreis adj.(ja) true. Also wērs (see).
wērleiks adj. true.
wērs adj.(a) true. Also wēreis (see).
wiþra prp. against.
wiljan v.t.anom. [wilj-, wild-, wildēd-, wilts] to want.
winja n.st.f.(jō) joy, happiness; meadow, pasture. Name of the letter W.
wisan v.i.anom.st5. [(anom), was-, wēs-, wisans] to be.
wit 1d.nom.prn. we (both).
witan v.t.pp1. [wáit, wit-, wiss-, witans] to know.
wulfs n.st.m.(a) wolf.

F

faíhu n.st.n.(u) money, goods; cattle, cows. Name of the letter F.
*faíþarak n.st.n.(a) wing.
faírguni n.st.n.(ja) mountain, mountain range.
falþan v.t.st7. to fold.
faúr prp. for, before, in front of, for the sake of, beside, on behalf of, ahead of.
faran v.i.st6. [far-, fōr-, fōr-, farans] to travel, to go, to traverse.
**feins adj. fine, nice, fancy.
fidur- pfx. four-.
fidwōr num.card. four.
fidwōrhunda num.card. four hundred.
[fidwōr + hunda]
fidwōrtaíhun num.card. fourteen. [fidwōr + taíhun]
fidwōrtigjus num.card. forty. [fidwōr + tigjus]
fill n.st.n.(a) skin, hide.
filli n.st.n.(ja) skin, hide.
filu adj. much, many.
filu- pfx. very, quite. See filu.
fimf num.card. five.
fimfhunda num.card. five hundred.
fimftaíhun num.card. fifteen.
fimftigjus num.card. fifty.
finþan v.t.st3. [finþ-, fanþ- funþ- funþans] to find.
fisks n.st.m.(a) fish.
*fliugan v.i.st2. [fliug-, fláug-, flug-, flugans] to fly.
fugls n.st.m.(a) bird.
fūls adj.(a) foul, dirty.
fram prp. from.
*frum n.st.n.(a) front.
frumists adj.sup. first.
frumistō adv. firstly, first of all, first.

X

Ƕ

ƕair
n.st.m.(a) cauldron, kettle. Name of the letter Ƕ.
ƕaírnei n.w.f.(n) skull.
ƕaíteis n.st.m.(ja) wheat.
ƕaiwa adv. how much, how many.
ƕazuh adj.st. each, every. [ƕas+uh]
ƕar adv. where.
ƕas prn. who, what.

O

*ōdabra n.w.m.(n) stork.
ōþal n.st.n.(a) inheritance (of property), estate, ancestral land. Name of the letter Ō.
ō
kai itj. OK, okay.