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Some Notes on Etymology

  • An asterisk (*) before a gothic entry indicates that the word is extrapolated, i.e. not attested.
  • A double asterisk (**) before an entry indicates that the word was made up.  That is to say that a compound word was created or a foreign word introduced by the author (most likely for the purposes of the Gothic for Goths lessons).
Indo-European

  • Indo-European etymologies are marked as IE
  • The IE etymologies given in this lexicon are generally of the late western dialect of IE  (sometimes referred to as Indo-Germanic); i.e. after the laryngeal changes, mostly based on the work of Pokorny, Lehmann, and Voyles.
  • I am not an expert on IE.  I offer any IE references "as-is" with no warranty of validity or accuracy.
Proto-Germanic
  • Proto-Germanic etymologies given in the lexicon are marked as Pgmc.
  • Where there are multiple possible reconstructions for a PGmc word, I offer a few simplifications:
    • ȧ = a, e, or i (i.e. any front vowel), e.g. furȧ = fura or fure or furi.
    • ƀ = b or f.
    • đ = d or þ, e.g. nauđiz = naudiz or nauþiz.
    • ė = e or i, e.g. ėngwaz = ingwaz or engwaz.
    • ǥ = g or h.
    • ẇ = w, gw, or hw, e.g. aẇalaz = awalaz, agwalaz, or ahwalaz.
Gothic
  • I'm still trying to work out my feelings on w/u alternations in some words.  So you may see some alternations until i work it out.  I'm presently leaning toward the more conservative (of ink) versions.  E.g. I don't know if i prefer:
    • riqs or riqus (leaning toward riqs)
    • aíƕs or aíƕus (leaning toward aíƕs)
    • iggws or iggus (leaning toward iggws), etc.