Germanic‎ > ‎South‎ > ‎Northeadish‎ > ‎Lexicon‎ > ‎

S s


saca [saka] n.w.n. bag, sack. Synonyms: balg. [sakku]

sacɴ
[sakan] v.t. to blame, to accuse. Synonyms: tīhɴ. [sakan]

sacs
[saks] n.st.n. dagger, small knife. Cf. sæcsʀ. [sahsam]

saðlɴ
[saðlan] v.t. to saddle (up). [from saðʌ]

saðʌ
[saðal] n.w.n. saddle. [saþulaz]

saðnasc (saðɴ sec)
[saðnask (saðan sek)] v.r. to be satiated, to eat ones fill. [from saðþ]

saðþ
[saþ] adj. full, satiated. [saþa]

saga
[saga] n.w.n. saw, yarn, tall tale. [sagōn]

sagɴ
[sagan] v.t. to say, to tell. Originally a weak verb assimilated into class 6. [sagan]

sahʀ
[sahar] n.w.n. sugar. Derivations: brūnt sahʀ. [retro PIE]

sahʀstūvf
[saharstúf] n.w.n. powdered sugar, confectioner’s sugar.

sal
[sal] n.w.n. hall, room. [salam]

salt
[salt] n.w.m. salt. [saltam]

salt
[salt] n.st.n. dance. Synonyms: spel, lǣc. [from sæltɴ]

salvf
[salf] n.w.n. salve, ointment. [salbōn]

sam
[sam] adj. same. [sama]

samnɴ
[samnan] v.t. to gather, to collect. Synonyms: gaðrɴ. [sam(a)nōn]

samnӿ
[samnang] n.w.f. set, collection.

samnӿ
[samnang] n.w.f. gathering, group, assembly. Synonyms: gaðrӿ. Derivations: felhsamnӿ.

sanðþ
[sanþ] n.w.n. sand. [sandaz]

sanðþ
[sanþ] n.w.n. sooth, truth. [sanþam]

saŋʒ
[sangg] n.st.n. song, music; sound; call, voice. Synonyms: lȳðþ. While lȳðþ refers to a song in the english sense of the word – a musical piece with vocalised words – saŋʒ refers to music in general, as in a more metaphorical sense in english, as in “the song of the flute”. [sangwaz]

sap
[sap] n.w.n. sap, juice. [sap(p)am]

satɴ
[satan] v.t. to set, to lay, to put. Synonyms: lagɴ, stæðɴ, stæln. [satjan]

savɴ
[savan] v.t. to be aware of, to notice. [safjan]

[sá] prn. who, that, which. Nom. msc. sing. rel. pronoun. [sa]

sāðþ
[sáþ] n.st.n. seed. Synonyms: āhʌ, crun, frew. [sēþiz]

s
āt [sát] n.st.n. seat. [sētiz]

sæcsʀ
[seksar] n.st.np. scissors, shears. Plural of sacs.

sæʒa [sewgwa] n.w.m. (male) follower, acolyte. [sagwja]

sæʒena
[sewgwena] n.w.f. (female) follower, acolyte. [sagwjōn]

sæʒʌ [sewgul] n.w.f. sun. Synonyms: sun. [swagilaz, sugilaz, sōwėlaz]

sæʒʌvestþ
[sewgulvestþ] n.w.f. helium (He).

sæln
[selen] v.t. to sell. [saljan]

sæltɴ
[selten] v.i. to dance. [saltōn]

sæmðþ
[semþ] adj. pleasant, comfortable, nice. [samþja]

sæmɴ
[semen] v.i. to seem, to appear. [samjan]

sændɴ
[senden] v.t. to send. Synonyms: scæcɴ. [sandjan]

særc
[serk] n.w.n. shirt. Synonyms: hæmðþ, scᵫrt. [sarkiz]

sævf
[sef] n.w.n. sense, feeling, hunch. Used in a mental sense, as opposed to something that can be perceived with the senses. Synonyms: senðɴ. [seban, safjan]

sæv
ɴ [seven] v.t. to be aware of, to notice. [safjan]

sæw
[sew] n.w.n. sea, ocean. [saiwaz, saiwiz]

sæwdaʒ
[sewdawg] n.w.f. rosemary, Rosmarinus offinalis.

sæwl
[sewl] n.w.n. soul. [saiwalō]

sǣðþ
[séþ] n.w.n. sod, earth, dirt. Synonyms: truvf, vrasa. [said-?]

sǣðþ
[séþ] n.w.f. magic, spellcasting, sorcery. Synonyms: tōvʀ, galðʀ, vecӿ. [saiþaz]

sǣgɴ
[ségen] v.t. to sow, to plant. [sē(j)an]

sǣm
[sém] adj. slow. [saima]

sǣpa
[sépa] n.w.n. soap. [saipjōn]

sǣr
[sér] adj. sore, painful. [saira]

sǣr
[sér] n.w.n. wound, injury, sore. Sǣr implies an injury involving blood, while wunðþ can be any sort of injury. Synonyms: harm, wunðþ.

scacɴ [skakan] v.t. to shake. [skakan]

scaðɴ
[skaðan] v.t. to scathe, to injure, to hurt. Synonyms: harmɴ, wundɴ. [skaþjan]

scaðþ
[skaþ] n.w.n. shadow, shade. Synonyms: scuʒ. [skaduz, skadwaz]

scaft
[skaft] n.w.n. shaft, stick, spear. [skaftaz]

scaʒɴ
[skawgun] v.t. to show, to present. Synonyms: tǣcnɴ. [skawwōn]

scal
[skal] n.w.n. bowl, cup, chalice. Derivations: bragɴscal. [skalljō]

scallōc
[skallók] n.w.n. shallot. Literally “bowl-leek,” of imitative origin.

scalm
[skalm] n.w.n. pod, seed pod, shell. Synonyms: sluʒ. [skalmō]

scalmðat flac
[skalmðat flak] n.w.n. masoor daal.

scalvf
[skalf] n.st.n. shelf. [skalf(j)ōn]

scam
[skam] n.w.n. shame. [skamō]

scap
[skap] sfx.n. -ship, -ness, -hood. Nominal ending. Synonyms:  -nes. [skapam]

scap
[skap] n.w.n. shape, form. [skapam]

scapɴ
[skapan] v.t. to make, to shape, to create; to achieve. [skapjan]

scar
[skar] n.w.n. scar, cut, notch, score. [from scern]

scarðþ
[skarþ] n.w.n. piece, shard. [skardam]

scarp
[skarp] adj. sharp. [skarpa]

scat
[skat] n.w.n. sweetheart, darling. A term of endearment. [skattaz]

scavɴ
[skavan] v.t. to shave. [skaban]

scāp
[skáp] n.st.n. sheep. [skēpam]

scāpherða
[skápherða] n.w.m. shepherd.

scāpherðastra
[skápherðastra] n.w.f. shepherdess.

scæʒʌ [skewgul] n.w.n. mirror. [from scaʒɴ]

scæl
[skel] n.w.n. shell, husk, outer covering. [skaljō]

scæln
[skelan] v.t. to distinguish, to separate, to differentiate. [skaljan]

scæmɴ
[skemen] v.t. to shame. [skamjan]

scæŋcɴ
[skenken] v.t. to give food or drink; to serve (a meal). [skankjan]

scærpɴ
[skerpen] v.t. to sharpen. [skarpjan]

scǣðɴ
[skéðan] v.t. to divide, to separate. [skaidan]

scǣðþ
[skéþ] n.w.n. sheath, covering. [skaiþiz]

scǣðþ
[skéþ] n.w.n. border, demarcation, outline. [skaiþō]

scǣg
[skég] n.w.n. stem (of a ship). [skaggjam (w.m.)]

scǣvf
[skéf] adj. crookèd, askew, awry. [skaiba, skaifa]

scecɴ
[skeken] v.t. to send. Synonyms: sændɴ. [skekkjan]

scehɴ
[skehan] v.i. to happen, to occur. Used interchangeably with bascehɴ. Only the 3rd psn. sng. conjugation is used. Synonyms: bascehɴ, fūrqumɴ, tīmɴ. [skehan]

scelðþ
[skelþ] n.w.n. shield. [skelduz]

scelðɴ
[skelðan] v.t. to chastise, to rebuke, to upbraid, to scold, to berate. [skeldan]

scelvɴ
[skelvan] v.i. to shudder, to shake, to tremble. [skelban]

scern
[skeran] v.t. to cut, to shear. Synonyms: snīðɴ. [skeran]

scerpɴ
[skerpan] v.t. to scratch, to claw, to scrape, to carve. [skerpan]

scervɴ
[skervan] v.t. to pick at, to pore over, to gnaw at, to scrutinise. [skerban, skerfan]

scīnɴ
[skínan] v.i. shine. [skeinan]

scīt
[skít] n.w.n. shit, crap, fæces. This term is not as strong as it is in english, and has roughly the same level of offensiveness as the word “crap”.

scītcral
[skítkral] n.w.m. bastard, asshole, jerk. Vulgar slang.

scītɴ
[skítan] v.t. to shit. Synonyms: drītɴ. [skeitan]

scōg
[skóg] n.w.n. wood, forest. [skōgam]

scōɧ
[skóh] n.st.n. shoe. [skōhwaz]

scōl
[skól] n.w.n. school. [skōla]

scōn
[skónsk] adj. beautiful, pretty, nice. [skauna]

scōt
[skót] n.w.n. sheet, piece of cloth. Synonyms: blæʒ, dōc, lacɴ. [scautam]

scōvf
[skóf] n.w.n. sheaf, bundle (of wheat, corn, &c). [skaubam, skaubaz]

scōvf
[skóf] n.w.n. scale (of a fish or reptile). [skōbō]

scōvfdȳr
[skófdýr] n.w.n. reptile.

scœ̄nðþ
[skønþ] n.w.f. beauty, niceness. [skauniþō (st.f.)]

scœ̄vʌ
[skøval] n.w.n. shovel, trowel, digging aparatus. [skōbilaz]

scrac
[skrak] n.w.n. fright, fear. Synonyms: frȳht, hrǣd.

scrap
[skrap] n.w.n. scrap, piece, shard. [skrapam]

scrapɴ
[skrapan] v.t. to scrape. [skrapōn]

scræcɴ
[skreken] v.t. to frighten. Synonyms: ægɴ, þlahsɴ, œ̄gnɴ. [skrakkjan]

scræcnasc (scræcɴ sec)
[skreknask (skreken sek)] v.r. to take fright, to be frightend.

scrǣh
[skréh] n.w.n. screach, scream.

scrǣhɴ
[skréhen] v.t. to screech, to scream. [skrēkjan]

scrempɴ
[skrempan] v.i. to shrink, to diminish, to dwindle, to slip away. [skrempan]

screnðɴ
[skrenðan] v.i. to be far apart, to gape, to be open wide, to yawn. [skrendan]

screŋqɴ
[skrenkun] v.t. to shrink, to become smaller, to diminish. [skrenkwan]

scrīn
[skrín] v.i. to scream, to cry out, to yell. [skreian]

scrītɴ
[skrítan] v.t. to tear, to rip, to rend, to rive. [skreitan]

scrīðɴ
[skríðan] v.i. to go, to waft, to float, to stride. [skreiþan]

scrīvɴ
[skrívan] v.t. to write. [skreiban]

scrīvfverc
[skrífverk] n.w.n. project, manuscript.

scrut
[skrut] adj. short. [skurta]

scrᵫta
[skryta] n.w.n. shirt; clothing, raiment. Synonyms: hæmðþ, særc. [skurtjōn]

scuʒ
[skúg] n.w.n. shadow, shade. Synonyms: scaðþ. [skuwwan]

sculðʀ
[skulðar] n.w.n. shoulder. [skuldrjō]

sculðþ
[skulþ] n.w.n. fault, guilt. [skuldaz, skuldiz]

sculn
[skulan] v.i. shall, will, to intend to, to be destined, to be obligated. This verb is indicative of the future tense and is used as a future auxiliary verb. The past subjunctive tense indicates obligation, as with english “should”. See appdx. ii§6d. [skulan : skal : skulum : skuldō : skuldum : skuld]

scup
[skup] n.w.n. spade, trowel; scoop, ladel; cup in baking. [skuppa]

scut
[skut] n.w.n. shot, throw. [skutam, skutaz]

scūr
[skúr] n.w.n. shower (of rain, objects, &c). [skūraz]

scᵫfþ
[skyfþ] n.w.n. shift, change; division.

scᵫftɴ
[skyften] v.t. to shift, to alter, to change; to divide.

scᵫlðag
[skylðag] adj. guilty.

scȳg
[skýg] n.w.n. sky. Synonyms: hemɴ, tuŋʌfelðþ. [skeujam]

scȳɧ
[skýwh] adj. shy. [skeuh(w)a]

scȳtɴ
[skýtan] v.t. to shoot, to let fly. [skeutan : skeutes : skeutum : skautō : skutum : skutana]

scȳvɴ
[skývan] v.t. to push, to shove. [skeuban]

sqætɴ
[skweten] v.i. to squat. to crouch. [(s-)kuwatjan]

seb
[seb] adj. related, familial.

seb
[seb] n.w.n. relationship, connexion, affinity, association. [sebja(z)]

sec
[sek] prn. himself, itself, herself, oneself; themselves. 3rd prsn. sg. or pl. acc. refl. pronoun. See notes at sesc. See appdx. ii§d for details. [sek]

secs
[seks] adj. six. [sehs]

secstacþ
[sekstakþ] adj. sixtyeth.

secstag
[sekstag] adj. sixty.

secstehɴ
[sektehan] adj. sixteen. [secs + tehɴ]

secstehɴþ
[sekstehanþ] adj. sixteenth.

secsþ
[seksþ] adj. sixth.

seðþ
[seþ] n.w.n. custom, habit. Synonyms: þaʒ. [seduz, siduz]

seg
[seg] n.w.n. victory, win. [seguz, siguz]

seglɴ
[seglan] v.i. to sail, to go sailing.

segʌ
[segal] n.w.n. sail. [seglam]

segnɴ
[segnan] v.t. to “sign,” consecrate, bless. [segnan]

seƕcunðag
[sewhkunðag] adj. visible.

seƕcunðagnes
[sewhkunðagnes] n.w.n. visibility.

seƕɴ
[sewhun] v.t. to see. [sehwan]

seƕɴ
[sewhun] v.t. to strain, to sieve. [seihwan]

seƕþ
[sewhþ] n.w.f. sight.

sela
[sela] n.w.n. celery. Derivations: stǣnsela. [silja]

selðɴ
[selðan] adv. seldom.

selh
[selh] n.w.n. seal. [selhaz]

selvesc
[selvesk] adj. personal, own.

selvf-
[self-] adj., pfx. self-. [selba]

selvʀ
[selvar] adv. by oneself, self-.

selvʀ
[selvar] adj. silver (coloured).

selvʀ
[selvar] n.w.n. silver (Ar). [silubram]

semp
[semp] n.w.n. mustard. [lat. sinapi]

sempcrun
[sempkrun] n.w.n. mustard seed. [semp + crun]

sempcrūðþ
[sempkrúþ] n.st.n. mustard greens. [semp + crūðþ]

senaw
[senaw] n.w.n. sinew, cord, string. Synonyms: banðþ, snūr, streŋ. Derivations: vīrsenaw. [senawō]

senðnɴ
[senðnan] v.t. to sense, to feel, to be aware of. [senþnan]

senðɴ
[senðan] n.w.n. sense, feeling, awareness. Used in a physical sense, as something that can be perceived with the senses. Assimilated class 3 verb. Synonyms: sævf. [sen(þ)naz]

senðþ
[senþ] n.w.n. company, companionship, fellowship. [senþaz]

senðþ
[senþ] n.w.n. companion, fellow. The latter may be masc. or fem. according to context. [senþaz]

seŋqɴ
[senkun] v.i. to sink. [senkwan, sankwjan]

senqstra
[senkstra] n.w.f. singer, chanteuse.

seŋʒa
[sengwa] n.w.m. singer, chanteur.

seŋʒɴ
[senggun] v.t. to sing, to make or play music. [sengwan]

senʒʀ
[senggur] n.w.n. ginger, Zingiber officinalis. [lat. zingiberi, grk. ζιγγιβερις?]

serca
[serka] n.w.n. silk. [OE seolc < {ser(i)kōn?} < grk. σερικον < mongolian sirghe]

serðɴ
[serðan] v.t. to copulate, to have sex with. See notes at streðɴ. [serdan]

sesc
[sesk] prn. himself, itself, herself, oneself; themselves. 3rd prsn. sg. or pl. acc. refl. pronoun. Properly sec. See appdx. ii§d. Originally, the refl. pronouns mirrored those of the accusative, with the exception of the 3rd person, sec. This continues to be the case in most modern germanic languages. However, the northern germanic languages often formed refl. compounds (such as passive verbs) with the contracted form of sec, even when not using the 3rd prsn. Gradually, the -sc ending was added to the other refl. pronouns analogously, and today the extra -s- remains. It is completely correct with the exception of the 3rd person, which is redundant, although sesc is very often used interchangeably with sec.

setɴ
[seten] v.i. to sit. [sitjan]

sevɴ
[sevan] adj. seven. [sebun, sibun]

sevɴsmānðþ
[sevansmánþ] n.w.m. september. See appdx. vi for notes.

sevɴtacþ
[sevantakþ] adj. seventieth.

sevɴtag
[sevantag] adj. seventy.

sevɴtehɴ
[sevantehan] adj. seventeen. [sevɴ + tehɴ]

sevɴtehɴþ
[sevantehanþ] adj. seventeenth.

sevɴþ
[sevanþ] adj. seventh.

[sí] prn. she. 3rd prsn. sg. fem. nom. or acc. pronoun.

[sí] prn. they. 3rd prsn. pl. nom. or acc. pronoun for all genders. [si]

sīcɴ
[síkan] v.t. to sigh. [seikan]

sīða
[síða] n.w.m. magician, warlock, sorcerer, shaman, a man who practices magic or witchcraft. Synonyms: vecnʀ.

sīðast
[ðast] adj. last; latest. [from sīðþ]

sīðastra
[ðastra] n.w.f. magician, witch, sorceress, shamaness, a woman who practices magic or witchcraft. Synonyms: vecstra.

sīðɴ
[síðan] adv. since, from (that) time.

sīðɴ
[síðan] v.i. to do magic, to cast spells. Synonyms: vecɴ. [seiþan]

sīðþ
[síþ] adj. late. [sīþu, sīþi]

sīðþ
[síþ] n.w.n. side, edge, page, something flat. Synonyms: hlaŋc. [seidōn]

sīgɴ
[sígan] v.i. to sink, to go down; to decrease, to wane. [seigan]

sīm
[m] prn. themselves, to themselves. 3rd prsn. pl. dat. refl. pronoun. Synonyms: sīsc. See sesc for history, appdx. ii§d.

sīn
[sín] adj. his, her, its, hers. 3rd prsn. sg. refl. poss. adjective. this is only used when the possessor is the subject of the sentence. Compare to scandanavian sin and henne. See appdx. ii§2 for declension.
Sī bōc sent las. She read her book.
Faðʀ her bōc
hert las. Her father read her book.

sīn
[
n] prn. of himself, of itself, of herself, from himself, from itself, from herself. 3rd prsn. sg. gen. pronoun. See appdx. ii§d. [sīn]

sīnlanðþ
[nlanþ] n.w.n. china.

sīnsc
[nsk] adj., n.w.n. chinese. [lat. sino- < grk. σιναι < skt. cinas < cf. mandarin qīn]

sīpɴ
[pan] v.t. to drip, to drop, to fall. [seipan]

sīr
[r] prn. himself, itself, herself, to himself, to itself, to herself. 3rd prsn. sg. dat. refl. pronoun. Synonyms: sīsc. See appdx. ii§d.

sīr
[r] prn. of themselves. 3rd prsn. pl. gen. refl. pronoun. See appdx. ii§d.

sīr
[r] adj. their, theirs. See sīn for usage. 3rd prsn. pl. refl. poss. adjective. See appdx. ii§b for declension.

sīr
[r] prn. =sī before a vowel.

sīsc
[sísk] prn. himself, itself, herself, oneself, to himself, to itself, to herself, to oneself; themselves, to themselves. 3rd prsn. sg. or pl. dat. refl. pronoun. Properly sīr for sg., sīm for plural. See sesc for history, appdx. ii§d.

sīvɴ
[sívan] v.t. to sift, to strain. [seiban]

slac
[slak] adj. slack, loose. [slaka]

slacɴ
[slakan] v.t. to slacken, to loosen.

slag
[slag] n.w.n. hit, blow, strike.

slagɴ
[slagan] v.t. to hit, to beat. [slahan, slagan]

slaht
[slaht] n.w.n. (grammatical) gender. Comp. with cenðþ (physical gender). [slahtam]

slahtɴ
[slahtan] v.t. to slay, to kill, to slaughter. [slahtan]

slahtʀ
[slahtar] n.w.n. slaughter, butchery. [slahtram]

slāp
[sláp] n.st.n. sleep.

slāpɴ
[slápan] v.i. to sleep. Synonyms: suvɴ. [slēpan]

slǣpcɴ
[slépken] n.w.n. nap, doze. Synonyms: hnap.

slec
[slek] n.w.n. lick.

slecɴ
[slekan] v.t. to lick. [slikkōn]

sleqɴ
[slewkun] v.t. to slake, to quench, to extinguish. [slakwjan, slekwan]

sleɧ
[slewh] n.w.n. plum, sloe. [slaih(w)ōn]

sleht
[sleht] adj. bad; slight, small; poorly grown. Synonyms: arg, balvf, slem, ᵫvʌ. [slehta]

slem
[slem] adj. bad. Synonyms: arg, balvf, sleht, ᵫvʌ. [slem(b)a]

slenðɴ
[slenðan] v.t. to scarf up, to devour, to wolf down. [slendan]

sleŋcɴ
[slenkan] v.i. to creep, to slink. Synonyms: crȳpɴ. [slenkan]

sleŋʒɴ
[slengun] v.t. to sling, to fling, to throw. Synonyms: castɴ, smītɴ, verpɴ. [slengwan]

slepag
[slepag] adj. slippery. [slipra]

slepɴ
[slepen] v.i. to slip, to slide. [slippjan]

slīcɴ
[slíkan] v.i. to creep, to lurk, to skulk, to slink. [sleikan]

slīðɴ
[slíðan] v.t. to slide. [sleidan]

slīpɴ
[slípan] v.t. to sharpen, to grind. [sleipan]

slītɴ
[slítan] v.t. to slit, to slice, to cut. [sleitan]

slīvɴ
[slívan] v.t. to split, to divide, to cut in half. [sleiban]

sluʒ
[slúg] n.w.n. pod, seed pod, shell. Synonyms: scalm. [slugwō, sluhwō]

slȳcɴ
[slýkan] v.t. to gulp, to swallow, to guzzle. [slūkan, sleukan]

slȳpɴ
[slýpan] v.i. to slip out; to hatch. [sleupan]

slȳtɴ
[slýtan] v.t. to close, to lock, to shut. [sleutan]

smac
[smak] n.st.n. taste. [smakkaz]

smacɴ
[smakan] v.t. to taste. [smakkōn]

smal
[smal] adj. little, small. Synonyms: lītʌ. [smala]

smanðþ
[smanþ] adj. smooth. [smanþa]

smart
[smart] n.st.n. pain, ache. [smartaz]

smeðag
[smeðag] adj. pliant, flexible, bendable.

smeðɴ
[smeðan] v.t. to smelt, to forge, to smithy. [smiþōn]

smeðþ
[smeþ] n.w.m. smith. [smiþaz]

smertɴ
[smertan] v.t. to hurt, to smart, to be painful. [smertan]

smervf
[smerf] n.w.n. butter, gravy, spread (for bread). Synonyms: aŋqa. Aŋqa is specifically butter, while smervf refers to any greasy or oil-based types of spread; hence does not include jams or jellies. [smer-]

smervɴ
[smerven] v.t. to smear, to butter, to spread, to grease (a pan, &c). [smergwjan]

smītɴ
[smítan] v.t. to throw, to fling, to toss. Synonyms: castɴ, sleŋʒɴ, verpɴ. [smeitan]

smōc
[smók] n.st.n. smoke. [smaukiz]

smut
[smut] n.w.n. dirt, filth, smut. [smuttaz]

smutag
[smutag] adj. dirty, filthy.

smȳcɴ
[smýkan] v.i. to (emit) smoke. [smeukan]

smȳgɴ
[smýgan] v.i. to snuggle, to cuddle. [smeugan]

smȳl
[smýl] n.w.n. smile. [smeula, smeura]

smȳln
[smýlan] v.i. to smile. [smi-, smu-, smuzlōn, smeulan, smeuran]

[sum] rel.prn. that, which. Synonyms: ƕālec, qat, hæt. [suma, sama]

snaca
[snaka] n.w.n. snake, serpent. This specificly refers to snakes (members of the suborder Serpentes), as opposed to wurm, which can refer to snakes, worms, eels or any other legless creatures. Synonyms: wurm. Derivations: . [snakōn]

snacɴ
[snakan] v.i. to creep, to crawl, to skulk, to snake. [snakan]

snarh
[snarh] adv. soon, in the near future. [snarha]

snarha
[snarha] n.w.n. trap, snare. [snarhōn]

snægʌ
[snegal] n.w.n. snail. [snagilaz]

snærhɴ
[snerhen] v.i. to hurry, to make haste. Synonyms: īln. [snarhjan]

sneʒ
[snewg] n.w.n. snow. [snai(g)waz]

sneʒag
[snewgwag] adj. snowy.

sneʒɴ
[snewgun] v.i. to snow. [sneigwan]

snel
[snel] adj. quick, fast. Synonyms: hǣstag, hrāðþ, sveft. [snella]

snerhɴ
[snerhan] v.t. to trap, to snare. [snerhan] =snærhn?

snīðɴ
[sníðan] v.t. cut, clip. Synonyms: scern. [sneiþan]

snur
[snur] n.w.f. daughter-in-law. See appdx. v. [snuzō]

snurænӿcʌ
[snurenangkal] n.w.f. granddaughter-in-law, grandson’s wife. See appdx. v.

snut [snut] n.w.n. snot. [snuttaz]

snūr
[snúr] n.w.n. cord, rope. Synonyms: banðþ, rǣp, senaw, streŋ. [snōrō]

snᵫðɴ
[snyðen] v.i. to sniff. [snuþjan]

snȳʒɴ
[snýwgun] v.i. to hurry, to make haste. [sneuwan]

sōm
[sóm] n.st.n. seam. [saumaz]

sōt
[sót] n.w.n. soot. [sōtam]

sōðþ
[sóþ] n.w.n. firepit. [sauþaz]

sœ̄cɴ
[søken] v.t. to seek, to search for, to look for. [sōkjan]

sœ̄mɴ
[sømen] v.t. to sew up, to hem. [saumjan]

spanɴ [spanan] v.t. to lure, to compel, to entice. [spanan]

spansc
[spansk] adj., n.w.n. spanish. [lat. hispanicus]

sparn
[sparan] v.t. to save, to spare. [sparan, sparēn]

spān
[spán] n.w.n. spoon. [spēnuz]

spænst
[spenst] n.w.f. temptation. [spanstiz]

speʒɴ
[spewgun] v.t. to vomit, to spew (up). Derivations: ūpspeʒɴ. [speiwan]

spel
[spel] n.w.n. play, story, tale, dance. [spilam]

speln
[spelan] v.t. to play (a game or instrument). [spilōn]

spenɴ
[spenan] v.t. to spin. [spennan]

spenstra
[spenstra] n.w.f. spider. [“spinner”]

spenstra
[spenstra] n.w.f. spinner, spinster.

spenstrahrāðþ
[spenstrahráþ] n.w.n. arachnophobia. [spenstra + hrād]

spenstravetscap
[spenstravetskap] n.w.n. arachnology.

spet
[spet] n.w.n. spit (for roasting). [spituz]

spīc
[spík] n.w.n. nail, spike. [spīkō, spīkaz]

splītɴ
[splítan] v.t. to split, to splice. [spleitan]

spōn
[spón] v.i. to succeed, to thrive, to prosper. Synonyms: þrīvɴ. [spōan]

sprāc
[sprák] n.w.f. speech, language. [sprēk(j)ō]

sprācvetscap
[sprakvetskap] n.w.n. linguistics.

sprecɴ
[sprekan] v.t. to speak, to talk. Synonyms: pratɴ, rȳðɴ. [sprekan]

sprentɴ
[sprentan] v.i. to sprint, to run, to jog. [sprentan]

spreŋɴ
[sprengan] v.t. to spring, to jump, to leap. Synonyms: hlōpɴ. [sprengan]

spruðþ
[spruþ] n.w.n. tailfin, fishtail. [spurdaz]

sprunɴ
[sprunan] v.t. to kick, to stomp on, to beat the crap out of. [spurnan]

sprūt
[sprút] n.st.n. sprout, shoot. [sprūtam]

sprᵫtɴ
[spryten] v.t. to spritz, to spray, to spurt out. [sprutjan]

sprȳtɴ
[sprýtan] v.i. to sprout. [spreutan]

spur
[spur] n.st.n. footprint, track, spore. [spuraz]

spᵫrn
[spyren] v.t. to track, to investigate. [spurjan]

spȳtɴ
[spýtan] v.i. to spit. [spūtjan]

staðas
[staðas] prp. instead of. Used with the genitive.

staðþ
[staþ] n.st.n. place, stead. Synonyms: stænðþ. [staþiz, stadiz]

stahʌ
[stahal] n.w.n. steel. [stahalam]

stam
[stam] n.w.n. stem, trunk (of a tree). [stamnaz]

stamɴ
[staman] v.i. to stem (from), to come (from), to originate (in), to hail (from). Used with frм or ūt depending on context. Frм is correct in any context; ūt is used only in reference to a point of origin or birthplace. [stamnan? stamnjan?]
Ec stama ūt Þᵫscalanda.  I am from Germany.
Þa flūt stæmðþ fraðм berga.  The river comes from the mountain.

stanðɴ [stanðan] v.i. to stand. [standan]

starc
[stark] adj. strong. Synonyms: straŋ. [starka]

start
[start] n.w.n. butt, rump; tail-end, backside; stump of the tail. [stertaz]

stavf
[staf] n.st.n. staff, stick. Synonyms: tvīg, tǣn, stuc. [stabaz]

stavf
[staf] n.st.n. sentence, line, phrase. Synonyms: tīl, ræɧ. [stabaz]

stæðɴ
[steðen] v.t. to put, to lay, to place, to set. Synonyms: lagɴ, sætɴ, stælɴ. [staþjan]

stæln
[stelen] v.t. to put, to lay, to place, to set. Synonyms: lagɴ, sætɴ, stæðɴ. [staljan]

stænðþ
[stenþ] n.w.n. place, stead. Synonyms: staðþ. [staþiz, stadiz with insertive –n from stanðɴ]

stæpɴ
[stepen] v.t. to plod, to trudge, to stomp. Class 6 verb partially assimilated into class 5. [stapjan]

stærcþ
[sterkþ] n.w.f. strength. Synonyms: stræŋþ.

stǣg
[stég] n.st.m. stag, buck. Synonyms: buc, havʀ, hōc, rǣh. [staggjaz]

stǣn
[stén] n.w.n. stone. [stainaz]

stǣnsela
[sténsela] n.w.n. parsley, Petroselinum crispum.

stǣnvetscap
[sténvetskap] n.w.n. lithology, petrology, mineralogy.

stecɴ
[stekan] v.t. to stick, to stab. [stekan]

steft
[steft] n.w.n. nail, spike; writing instrument. Derivations: blæcʀsteft, blīvfsteft, farvfsteft, vacssteft. [stiftaz]

stel
[stel] adj. still, calm, quiet. [stelja]

stela
[stela] n.w.n. stalk, stem. [stelu]

stelðþ
[stelþ] n.w.f. stillness, tranquillity; stealth.

steln
[stelan] v.t. to steal. [stelan]

stemɴ
[steman] n.w.n. voice. [stemnō]

steŋq
[stenk] n.w.n. stink, bad smell. Synonyms: hnᵫc.

steŋqdȳr
[stenkdýr] n.w.n. skunk.

steŋqɴ
[stenkun] v.i. to stink, to smell bad, to reek. [stenkwan]

steŋɴ
[stengan] v.i. to sting, to stab. [stengan]

stern
[stern] n.w.n. star. [sternan]

stern
[stern] n.w.n. forehead. [sternjō]

sternvetscap
[sternvetskap] n.w.n. astonomy; astology.

stervɴ
[stervan] v.t. to die. Synonyms: daʒn. [sterban]

stīg
[stíg] n.w.n. sty, stall (for animals). [stijōn]

stīgɴ
[stígan] v.i. to mount, to climb up onto, to climb. [steigan]

stōl
[stól] n.w.n. stool, chair. [stōlaz]

stōp
[stóp] adj.st. steep. [staupa]

stœ̄rn
[støran] v.t. to stir, to disturb. [stōrjan]

-stra
[-stra] sfx.f. –ess, -trix. Feminine nominal suffix added to verb roots to create nous (always people) reflecting the subject of the verb. The masculine form is –a (see). Synonyms: –ena. [-istr(i)jōn]

stranðþ
[stranþ] n.w.n. strand, beach, shore. [strandaz]

straŋ
[strang] adj. strong. Synonyms: starc. [strangaz]

straʒ
[strawg] n.w.n. straw, hay. [strawam]

strāt
[strát] n.w.n. street. [stratam, strētam < lat. strata]

stræŋþ
[strengþ] n.w.f. strength.

stræʒɴ
[strewgun] v.t. to scatter, to strew. [strawjan]

streðɴ
[streðan] v.t. to fuck. Vulgar. Possibly influenced by a metathesis of serðɴ (see). Originally, this had a meaning of “boil, seethe, undulate,” but eventually became a euphemism as a replacement for serðɴ, then a very vulgar word.  (The same occurred in old norse.) Eventually this verb came to have the stronger meaning. This was also originally a class 5 verb that was assimilated into class 3.  [streþan, serdan]

stregðɴ
[stregðan] v.t. to scatter, to strew; to blow up, to demolish. [stregdan]

streŋ
[streng] n.w.n. string, cord. Synonyms: banðþ, rǣp, senaw, snūr.

streŋɴ
[strengan] v.t. to string, to wind, to tie. [strengan]

strīcɴ
[stríkan] v.i. to cancel, to strike, to delete. [streikan]

strīðɴ
[stríðan] v.i. to fight, to quarrel. [streidan]

strīðþ
[stríþ] n.w.n. strife, fighting, war.

strōm
[stróm] n.w.n. stream. Synonyms: brōc. [straumaz]

strum
[strum] n.w.n. storm, tempest. [sturmaz]

strȳcɴ
[strúkan] v.t. to stroke, to caress, to massage, to pet. [streukan]

strȳðɴ
[strýðan] v.t. to pillage, to loot, to plunder, to maraud. [strūdan, streudan]

stuc
[stuk] n.w.n. stick. Synonyms: tvīg, stavf, tǣn. [stukkaz]

stult
[stult] adj. proud. [stulta]

stultм
[stulam] n.w.n. pride.

stump
[stump] n.w.n. stump. [stumpaz]

stunðþ
[stunþ] n.w.n. hour. [stundō]

stupɴ
[stupan] v.t. to stop (up), to close, to plug. Derivations: ūpstupɴ. [stuppan < v.lat. stuppare]

stuvf
[stuf] n.w.n. stove, hearth, oven. [stubō]

stūr
[stúr] adj. sturdy, ruggèd, hardy. [stūra]

stūvf
[stúf] n.w.n. powder, dust. Synonyms: melm. Derivations: caqastūvf, mæhstūvf, sahʀstūvf. [stūbaz]

stᵫc
[styk] n.w.n. piece, part. Synonyms: dǣl. [stukkjam]

stᵫrn
[styren] v.t. to stir, to rouse, to disturb. [sturjan]

stᵫrtɴ
[styrten] v.t. to start, to jump, to spring into action. [sturtjan]

stȳp-
[stýp-] pfx., adj. step-. [steupa]

stȳpbrōðʀ
[stýpbróðar] n.st.m. stepbrother.

stȳpduhtʀ
[stýpduhtar] n.st.f. stepdaughter.

stȳpfaðʀ
[stýpfaðar] n.st.m. stepfather.

stȳpmōðʀ
[stýpmóðar] n.st.f. stepmother.

stȳpnɴ
[stýpnan] v.i. to steep.

stȳpɴ
[stýpan] v.t. to (let) steep. [steupan < staupjan]

stȳpsun
[stýpsun] n.st.m. stepson.

stȳpsvestʀ
[stýpsvestar] n.st.f. stepsister.

stȳr
[stýr] n.w.n. steer, bull. Synonyms: bul, . [steuraz]

stȳrn
[stýren] v.t. to steer, to navigate. [steurjan]

stȳtɴ
[stýtan] v.i. to kick, to punt. [steutan]

stȳvɴ
[stývan] v.i. to spray. [steuban]

sum
[sum] adj. some. [suma]

sumƕan
[sumhwan] adv. sometime.

sumƕar
[sumhwar] adv. somewhere.

sumƕat
[sumhwat] prn. something.

sumƕer
[sumhwer] prn. someone, somebody.

sumƕū
[sumhú] adv. somehow.

summan
[summan] prn. =sumƕer.

sumʀ
[sumar] n.st.n. summer. [sumeraz, sumaram]

sumtīðþ
[sumtíþ] adv. =sumƕan.

sun
[sun] n.st.m. son. See appdx. v. [sunuz]

sun
[sun] n.w.f. sun. Synonyms: sæʒʌ. [sunnan]

sun
[sun] pfx. related to sunday. This may be prefixed to various time markers, e.g. sunmurgɴ = sunday morning, sunæftʀmedʌdag = sunday afternoon, &c.

sundag
[sundag] n.w.m. sunday.

sunetqeðþ
[sunetkweþ] n.w.n. sonnet. [eng. sonnet + qeðþ]

sunðʀ
[sunðar] prp. apart, asunder. [sundara]

sunðʀ·brecɴ
[sunðarbrekan] v.t, v.i. to break apart, to crumble. Class 3: conj. like brecɴ.

sunðʀ·qumɴ
[sunðarkuman] v.i. to collapse, to fall apart. Class 4: conj. like qumɴ.

sunðrɴ
[sunðren] v.t. to separate, to part, to split. [sundrjan]

[sú] prn. who, that, which. Nom. fem. sing. rel. pronoun. [sō]

sūðɴ
[súðan] prp. from the south.

sūðɴ
[súðan] adj. southern.

sūðɴt cūmɴ
[ðant kúman] n.w.n. cumin, Cuminum spp.

sūðra
[súðra] adv. southward, to the south. Synonyms: sūðverðþ.

sūðþ
[súþ] n.w.n. south. [sūþam]

sūðverðþ
[ðverþ] adv. south, southward(s). Synonyms: sūðra.

sūðverðþ
[súðverþ] adj. southward.

sūʒ
[g] n.st.f. sow. [sū]

sūp
[súp] n.w.n. soup.

sūpɴ
[súpan] v.i. to sup, to dine. [sūpan]

sūpʀ
[súpar] n.w.n. supper, dinner, meal.

sūr
[r] adj. sour. [sūra]

sūvʀ
[súvar] adj. clean. Synonyms: hrǣn. [sūbr(j)a]

sᵫl
[syl] n.st.n. sole (of a shoe). [suljō]

sᵫn
[syn] adv. soon, quickly. [suni]

sᵫnðþ
[synþ] n.w.n. sin. [sundiz]

sᵫp
[syp] n.w.n. sip. [supiz]

sᵫpɴ
[sypan] v.t. to sip, to drink. [supan]


s‎ȳc
[sýk] adj. sick, ill. Synonyms: craŋc. [seuka]

sȳcnɴ
[sýknan] v.i. to become sick, to sicken.

sȳcɴ
[kan] v.t. to sicken, to make sick.

sȳcvetscap
[sýkvetskap] n.w.n. pathology, the study of illness.

sȳðɴ
[ðan] v.t. to boil, to seethe. [seuþan]

sȳga
[sýga] n.w.n. sucker.

sȳgɴ
[sýgan] v.t. to suck. [sūgan, (seugan)]

sȳigɴ
[jgan] v.t. to sew. A class 7 verb assimilated into class 2. [seujan]

sȳr
[sýr] n.w.n. acid. [sūrīn]

sȳr
[r] n.w.n. vinegar. Derivations: alsȳrƕītsȳr, maltsȳr, vīnsȳr. [sūrīn]

sȳrn
[sýran] v.t. to sour, to spoil. In an intransitive sense, use the reflexive or passive.
The milk soured or The milk went sour. Þet melc gat sȳrðþ or Þet melc sȳrðasc.

sȳwl
[sýwl] n.w.n. column, pillar. Derivations: bacsȳwl. [seuwilō]

sval
[sval] adj. cool, chilly, brisk. Sval and cælðag have the implication of being uncomfortably chilly, though not quite cold, while cōl has a comfortable or pleasant connotation. [swala]

svamp
[svamp] n.w.n. mushroom, toadstool, fungus. [swam(p)az, swumpaz, swambaz]

svampvetscap
[svampvetskap] n.w.n. mycology.

svan
[svan] n.st.n. swan.

svan
[svan] n.st.m. cob, male swan. [swanaz]

svarðþ
[svarþ] adj. black, dark. [swarta, swarþa]

svarðþāhʌ
[svarþáhal] n.w.n. kalonji, nigella seeds, black cumin, the seeds of Nigella sativa.

svarðþœ̄gɴðʀ
[svarþøganðar] n.w.pl. black-eyed peas.

svarm
[svarm] n.w.n. swarm. [swarmaz]

svarðat bōn
[svarðat bón] n.st.n. black bean, frijole negro.

svār
[svár] adj. heavy. Synonyms: ƕūr, þuŋ. [swēr(j)a]

svār
[svár] adj. difficult. [swēr(j)a]

svār
[svár] n.w.m. friend, family member, confidant. One considered family, though not necessarily related by blood. Synonyms: ven, rūn. [swēsan, swēsōn]

svārdм
[svardam] n.w.n. family, clan, household.

svænena
[svenena] n.w.f. pen, swan.

svæŋcɴ
[svenken] n.w.n. cygnet, baby swan.

sværn
[sveran] v.t. to swear, to vow. Class 6 verb assimilated into class 4. Synonyms: ænþsværn. [swarjan]

svǣrðþ
[svérþ] n.w.f. weight, heaviness. Cf ƕȳrðþ, meaning gravity.

svec
[svek] adj. fragrant, scented. Synonyms: ram.

svec
[svek] n.w.n. fragrance, scent. [swekkiz (st.m.i)]

svecstra
[svekstra] n.w.f. mother-in-law. See appdx. v.

sveft
[sveft] adj. swift, quick, fast. Synonyms: hēstag, hrāðþ, snel. [swifta]

svegrӿ
[svegrang] n.w.m. in-law. See appdx. v.

svegʀ
[svegar] n.w.m. father-in-law. See appdx. v. [swegruz]

svelgɴ
[svelgan] v.t. to swallow. [swelgan]

svelɴ
[svelan] v.i. to swell. [swellan]

svemɴ
[sveman] v.i. to swim. [swemman]

svenðɴ
[svenðan] v.i. to vanish, to disappear. [swendan]

svensc
[svensk] adj., n.w.n. swedish.

sveŋʒɴ
[svenggun] v.t. to swing. [swengwan]

sverðþ
[sve] n.w.n. sword. [swerdam]

svervɴ
[svervan] v.t. to scrub, to scrape, to grate. [swerban]

svestrӿ
[svestrang] n.w.m. maternal male cousin. See appdx. v.

svestrӿena
[avestrangena] n.w.f. maternal female cousin. See appdx. v.

svestʀ
[svestar] n.st.f. sister. See appdx. v. [swest(e)ra]

svestʀbrūðþ
[svestarbrúþ] n.w.m. In these enlightened days of scandanavian social progress... sister’s wife, sister-in-law. See appdx. v.

svestʀgum
[svestargum] n.w.m. sister’s husband, brother-in-law. See appdx. v.

svet
[svet] n.w.n. sweat, perspiration. [switjan]

svetɴ
[sveten] v.i. to sweat, to perspire. [switjan]

svevʌ
[sveval] n.w.n. sulphur (S). [sweblaz]

svevɴ
[svevan] v.i. to be unconscious, to be in a coma, to be passed out or knocked out. [sweban]

svǣpɴ
[svépan] v.t. to sweep, to swipe, to swoop, to whoosh. [swaipan]

svīcɴ
[svíkan] v.t. to avoid, to evade, to shirk, to dodge. [sweikan]

svīðɴ
[svíðan] v.t. to heat up, to warm; to reheat, to “nuke”. [sweiþan]

svīgnasc
[svígnask] (svīgɴ sec) v.r. =svīgɴ.

svīgnɴ
[svígnan] v.t. to silence, to make quiet. Synonyms: þagnɴ.

svīgɴ
[svígan] v.t. to fall silent, to be quiet. Synonyms: þagɴ. [sweigēn]

svīn
[svín] n.w.n. pig, swine. [swīnam]

svīnɴ
[svínan] v.i. to diminish, to wane, to lower. [sweinan]

svīvɴ
[svívan] v.i. to stop, to cease. [sweiban]

svīvɴ
[svívan] v.i. to curve, to ramble, to wend. [sweifan]

swā
[swá] adv., cjx. so, such, in such a manner, then. [swā, swō]

swāhnᵫsc
[swáhnysk] itj. please.

swālec
[swálek] adj. (swā+līc) such, like.

swālecsм
[swáleksam] adv. even.

swōg
[swóg] n.st.n. noise, racket. Synonyms: claŋ, clap, brahtм, wōhм. [swōgiz]

sw
ōl [swól] adj. muggy, humid. [swōla, swōlī]

swōn
[swón] v.i. to satisfy, to pacify, to slake, to appease, to allay. Synonyms: blōtɴ, slæqɴ. [swōan]

swōvʌ
[swóval] n.w.n. broom. Synonyms: besм. [swōbalaz]

swœ̄vɴ
[swøven] v.t. to put down, to euthanize, to kill. [swōbjan]

swœ̄gɴ
[swøgen] v.i. to make noise, to cause a racket. [swōgjan, from swōgiz]

swœ̄t
[swøt] adj. sweet, tender. [swōtja]

swœ̄tnes
[swøtnes] n.w.n. sweetness.

swult
[swult] n.w.n. starvation. [swultaz]

swunðnes
[swunðnes] n.w.n. good health. As opposed to “hǣlðþ” which refers to health in general – good or bad. One can say “ᵫvla hǣlðþ” but not “ᵫvʌt swundnes”.

swunðþ
[swunþ] adj. healthy, whole, sound. Synonyms: hǣl. [swunda]

swurg
[swurg] n.w.n. sorrow, worry, sadness. [swurgō]